Thursday, March 29, 2012

non-dummy-type template parameters

(Note this topic is not related to template Partial specialization)

Majority of class templates in practice have a dummy type (or multiple, but let's stay focused) to signify an Unknown-type. For example, the STL vector can be "Instantiated" in memory to become a real CLASS when given a real type like "Account". The real type replaces the dummy type. [[C++ primer]] is the first book I read that mentions a very powerful type of class template. I call it NDTP...

Background -- What appears inside angle brackets after the keyword "template" is always a list of "tokens" or "thingies". In most cases in practice, each thingy is a "typename T" or "class C".

Now, the thingy can also be something like "int size". This is known as a non-type template parameter. I call it a non-dummy-type parameter, or NDT parameter. a NDT is not a dummy type, but a real type with a variable name. NDT declaration syntax is like a regular function parameter. NDT represents a dummy type pinned to a real type.  But how is NDT used when the push comes to the shove i.e. template instantiation?

Remember a real type argument like "AccountAllocator" in STL vector is a piece of information at the class level, not Instance level. When the vector is instantiated in memory to become a real/concrete Class, the real class uses AccountAllocator Class. In the same vein, the NDT is at class-level, not class-instance level nor at template level. That implies the "int size" value of 55 is a constant for the class, across all class instances.

In other words, when we convert a GENERIC template matrix_double into a real class, the "int size" template parameter (NDT parameter) is replaced by a value like 55, and treated as a class-level static constant. If we construct 9999 instances of the concrete matrix_double class, all of them share the same size=55.

A class template can have all its "tokens" be dummy types (standard practice), or all of them NDT (P861 [[c++primer]]), or a mixture.

See other posts about When the NDT is a func ptr.

No comments:

Total Pageviews

my favorite topics (labels)

_fuxi (302) _misLabel (13) _orig? (3) _rm (2) _vague (2) clarified (58) cpp (39) cpp_const (22) cpp_real (76) cpp/java/c# (101) cppBig4 (54) cppSmartPtr (35) cppSTL (33) cppSTL_itr (27) cppSTL_real (26) cppTemplate (28) creditMkt (14) db (65) db_sybase (43) deepUnder (31) dotnet (20) ECN (27) econ/bank` (36) fin/sys_misc (43) finGreek (34) finReal (45) finRisk (30) finTechDesign (46) finTechMisc (32) finVol (66) FixedIncom (28) fMath (7) fMathOption (33) fMathStoch (67) forex (39) gr8IV_Q (46) GTD_skill (15) GUI_event (30) inMemDB (42) intuit_math (41) intuitFinance (57) javaMisc (68) javaServerSide (13) lambda/delegate (22) marketData (28) math (10) mathStat (55) memIssue (8) memMgmt (66) metaProgram` (6) OO_Design (84) original_content (749) polymorphic/vptr (40) productive (21) ptr/ref (48) py (28) reflect (8) script`/unix (82) socket/stream (39) subquery/join (30) subvert (13) swing/wpf (9) sysProgram` (16) thread (164) thread_CAS (15) thread_cpp (28) Thread* (22) timeSaver (80) transactional (23) tune (24) tuneDB (40) tuneLatency (30) z_ajax (9) z_algoDataStruct (41) z_arch (26) z_arch_job (27) z_automateTest (17) z_autoTrad` (19) z_bestPractice (39) z_bold (83) z_bondMath (35) z_book (18) z_boost (19) z_byRef^Val (32) z_c#GUI (43) z_c#misc (80) z_cast/convert (28) z_container (67) z_cStr/arr (39) z_Favorite* (8) z_FIX (15) z_forex (48) z_fwd_Deal (18) z_gz=job (33) z_gzBig20 (13) z_gzMgr (13) z_gzPain (20) z_gzThreat (19) z_hib (19) z_IDE (52) z_ikm (5) z_IR_misc (36) z_IRS (26) z_javaWeb (28) z_jdbc (10) z_jobFinTech (46) z_jobHunt (20) z_jobRealXp (10) z_jobStrength (15) z_jobUS^asia (27) z_letter (42) z_linq (10) z_memberHid` (11) z_MOM (54) z_nestedClass (5) z_oq (24) z_PCP (12) z_pearl (1) z_php (20) z_prodSupport (7) z_py (31) z_quant (14) z_regex (8) z_rv (38) z_skillist (48) z_slic`Problem (6) z_SOA (14) z_spring (25) z_src_code (8) z_swingMisc (50) z_swingTable (26) z_unpublish (2) z_VBA/Excel (8) z_windoz (17) z_wpfCommand (9)

About Me

New York (Time Square), NY, United States
http://www.linkedin.com/in/tanbin